A powered vehicle tows a trailer to transport goods and materials conveniently. Trailers are designed to accommodate a substantial amount of cargo for easy transportation. Hence, it is essential equipment for fleet and logistics operation. However, the use of trailers is not limited to freight transport. The towable trailers are of several types, and each of these has varied load capacity and serves a different purpose. Below in this article, we will cover the 10 Different Types of Trailers.
Trailers act as the backbone of freight transportation. The global trailers market reached a value of nearly $56.9 billion in 2018, grown at 6.8% since 2014. The trailers market is significantly increasing because of the wide variety of trailers available in the marketplace, such as enclosed trailers, dump trailers, and tank trailers. You can choose a suitable trailer type depending on the end-use. The top trailer manufacturers in Nagpur supply customized trailers to cater to specific industrial use.
10 Different Types Of Trailers
- Flatbed Trailers
It is the most sought out trailer type. It is designed to carry bulk goods and containers between shipping facilities and terminals. Flatbed trailers are suitable for transporting any goods, be it steel coils or lumber. The maximum weight capacity of a flatbed trailer is 48,000 pounds. It comes in various sizes, and 48 feet high flatbed trailer is one of the most popular variants.
A flatbed trailer is open from all sides. As no box covers the goods, they can be quickly loaded and off-loaded. You can cover these goods with a tarp. Different types of tarps are used for this purpose, such as steel tarps, lumber tarps, glass clear tarps, and smoke tarps. It provides extra loaded protection during transport.
- Refrigerated Trailers
Some of the freight goods require specific transporting conditions and needs to keep under a specified temperature range. Items that require cold transporting conditions, like frozen goods, pharmaceuticals, ice creams, can be transported in refrigerated trailers. Also known as reefer, it consists of a condenser, compressor, and evaporator.
- Step Deck Trailers
Step-deck trailers have similar features to flatbed trailers. However, the standard height of both of these trailer differs. Since step deck trailers are closer to the ground, they can carry taller goods that cannot be accommodated in the flatbed trailers.
- Dry Vans/Enclosed Trailers
As the name suggests, enclosed trailers cover the load that is being transported. It is affordable and can securely transport freight. It also protects the goods from rough weather conditions and does not require any tarps.
- Lowboy Trailers
It is also known as a low bed, low loader, float, or double drop trailer. It is a semi-trailer. Lowboy trailers have two drops in the deck and sit very close to the ground. Huge and heavy items can be shipped with this trailer. It is also used to haul machinery and equipment as the width of this trailer is greater.
- Stretch Single Drop Deck Trailers
It is another variation of the step deck trailers. It has an extendable bed for carrying big loads. It also provides additional support to the loads. You can extend the lower deck of this trailer to almost 76 feet.
- Speciality Trailers
Speciality trailers are customized to meet specific industrial requirements. The build of this trailer depends on the purpose of the client specifies. Speciality trailers can be used to transport hazardous materials. It can also cater to medical situations and emergencies, but it requires special permits and operation licenses. Another speciality trailer is event marketing or display trailers which can be used for on-site promotions or sales. Vending trailers allows businesses to reach and attract more customers and is used for commercial purposes.
- Removable Gooseneck Trailers
RGN trailers can move larger and heavier loads without any special permit. It is also known as double lowboy or double drop trailer. The drop in the middle of this trailer gives a more significant margin to accommodate taller loads. You can situate the taller goods in the dropped region, and the raised platform can transport more miniature goods.
- Side-Kit Trailers
Side kit trailers can be used for transporting loads that are not packed or cannot be packed. These trailer’s structure is almost similar to that of flatbed trailers, but it comes with removable sides and tent-like top covering. The removable sides allow to load and unload goods quickly with the help of forklifts. It has a longer length which makes it suitable to carry large and heavyweight objects. You can also add a tarp covering for an extra layer of protection. This trailer is quite versatile and has a low operating cost.
- Multi-car Trailer
It is used for transporting multiple cars from one location to the other. The vehicles are securely adjusted in this trailer.
Trailers are a long term investment, and one should assess the particular industrial requirement to purchase the right trailer. Trailers provide affordable options to transport freight. Depending on the goods’ nature, you can choose a trailer with an open or enclosed covering and the desired length and width.