Peculiarities of Modern Construction: Digitization, Refractoriness, Employment


The construction sector is not lacking in peculiarities. In the ever-changing world with numerous novelties and new technologies, it is necessary to keep track of updates and solutions that are newly launched. That is why present-day contractors should focus their attention on approaches that make a difference in the building industry of the 21st century.

One of the hot-topic trends is digital tools for the construction sector. For example, construction procurement software helps not to miss important details and effectively organizes the management of an object, regardless of its classification. It is very important to classify the object so that contractors can correctly assess and analyze what will be required to implement the project. Let us consider in more detail the main kinds of construction objects, based on classifications according to:

  • Refractoriness;
  • Employment;
  • Owners.

There are many kinds of construction classifications today. One of the most popular is by owner, refractoriness, and sector. In addition, there are 4 main kinds of construction projects: residential purposes, commercial, industrial and infrastructural.

Let’s take a closer look at the core peculiarities of modern construction including its efficient approaches, hacks, and many more. Refractoriness is among them. Most contractors prefer to develop their strategies according to the baselines of the resistance fire and sound risk management on the site.

Refractoriness & Employment

The fire resistance of construction is one of the most important aspects of construction since its safety depends on it. It is necessary to minimize the risks of fire, and in such situations, the load-bearing walls, beams, columns, floor, ceiling, roof, and other elements of the object must have good refractoriness to keep the construction intact. There are several kinds of such constructions:

  1. Fireproof. The level of refractoriness is provided for up to 4 hours. It is used in public, socially significant constructions.
  2. Non-flammable. The refractoriness is provided for up to 2 hours, suitable for buildings with a small number of floors.
  3. Simple. Popular for building warehouses.
  4. Using wood. The frame of the building is constructed from heavy timber with compaction.
  5. Wooden frames. The lowest level of refractoriness. Most residential buildings are of this kind.

Purpose of Building Use

Employment includes the number of people involved in the construction site who have the right to be at the facility. The main kinds in this classification are:

  • Gatherings – public constructions where there is a large number of people.
  • Business – constructions where people can get or order some kind of service.
  • Educational – constructions in which education takes place.
  • Factory – places where a particular product is produced for further sale.
  • Highly hazardous – factories and warehouses where potentially hazardous substances are produced or stored.
  • Institutional – social facilities where those in need can get help.
  • Commercial – projects related to the sale of essential products.
  • Residential.
  • Warehouses for storing safe items.
  • Social – all the remaining objects that are not included in the above list.

Who Owns the Object?

One of the important classifications is who owns the object. It is necessary to organize construction at the legislative level and ensure the guarantee of the rights and obligations of everyone involved in the process of implementing the facility. There are several kinds of construction projects:

  • Government – These include socially significant projects – schools, bridges, public constructions – anything that is not related to the federal government of a particular state.
  • Private – this kind includes all residential constructions, both private and multi-apartment constructions, without exception. The only difference from the state kind is how wages are paid to subcontractors and suppliers.
  • Federal – a feature of this kind is that contractors do not have the right to pledge their property. Each object of this kind is financed by the state.

Why is it Necessary to Understand the Classification of a Kind of Construction?

The owner and contractors must be aware of the kind of their facility. This will significantly increase the success of the project completion, as materials will be correctly selected, and other factors will be calculated, such as the procedure for paying salaries to employees, etc. According to the given insights about the construction sector, it is possible to highlight automation, refractoriness, risk management, and digitization of on-site estimating, marketing, budget planning, and other office arrangements.

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